Pastor’s Pen_May 1, 2022

As the weather will soon turn warm, I want to update you on the status of our air conditioner repairs. The work is underway; the piping is being replaced. Unfortunately, we recently received word that a computer chip, crucial to the operation of the air conditioner, is not available. This is due to a supply chain delay caused by skyrocketing demand, the pandemic and other factors.

We are developing contingency plans so that we will be prepared when the weather warms.  We intend to move our services to the Heritage Hall beginning the third Sunday in May. We will not return to the gymnasium during this period to protect the equipment. The constant moving of equipment, that has contributed to the quality of our worship services (in-house and virtually), causes damage.  Utilizing Heritage Hall will minimize these issues. We will continue to update you on the air conditioner repairs as information becomes available.

As the protocol requirements in this Covid era seem to change constantly, we want to ensure our membership is aware of our procedures. We will continue to require masks for all worship services. We also will require proof of vaccination. Please remember to always carry your card with you. This pandemic has worked a hardship on all of us. As your leaders—pastor, deacons, trustees—we will continue to make every effort to ensure the safety of all our members. We are aware that these protocols are challenging. Please remember that eventually, this will end. As Deacon Hall is fond of saying, “Let’s keep it all in God’s hands.”

Pastor’s Pen_April 24, 2022

A troubling phenomenon that grips our nation is gun violence. The Second Amendment is used in today’s culture as an excuse to bear all kinds of automatic or semi-automatic weapons. It is often stated that guns are used primarily for hunting and personal protection. Although there is some truth to these rationales, there are no recorded evidence to support them. No one shoots rabbits with automatic weapons, and a few uses automatic weapons for protection. Discharging AK47s for protection is ludicrous. When a rapid-fire gun is loaded and fired, an intruder would already have the upper hand.

No other nation in the developed world has a culture of gun violence like we have in the U.S. The Second Amendment protects the right of people to keep and bear arms.  It was authored when the colonists attempted to stave off the British Army from seizing weapons at random. That threat no longer exists. The overtly right-wing Republican gun lobbyists only care about their political agenda. It is time that our nation bring common sense to gun ownership. This world will never be safe until we “…beat our swords into plowshares and our spears into pruning hooks”, Isaiah 2:4 KJV. To the prophet, I exclaim a loud and hearty AMEN!

Pastor’s Pen_April 17, 2022

Christ the Lord is risen today, Hallelujah!

Two thousand and twenty-two years ago, something so astounding and inexplicable occurred that the world changed forever. Rationality and scientific methodology govern the world. The universe operates according to fixed beliefs. For instance, the law of gravity never alters because gravity holds our solar system together. The earth revolves around the sun, and in our orbit, as the third planet from the sun, our course never deviates. If it did, life as we know it could not survive.

Our modern minds look at the stories from the book of Joshua and read with bemusement about God answering Joshua’s prayer to cause the sun not to shine for a full day. In our present world, logic and order have replaced superstition to make sense of existence. Then comes the resurrection. It does not conform to any of the principles just mentioned. Yet, the eyewitness testimonies of the resurrected Jesus after the crucifixion are rock solid. Something happened on the misty morning of the first day of the week in Jerusalem. We cannot explain it; even the most theologically astute cannot adequately answer what occurred. The best scientific minds can only say, Christ the Lord is risen today, Hallelujah!

Pastor’s Pen_April 10, 2022

In 1619, the first Africans were brought forcibly to the world newly discovered by Europe. They settled into Hampton, Virginia, as enslaved people to be bought and sold by Europeans as those enslavers pleased. All the founding fathers owned enslaved people. Thomas Jefferson even kept one as his mistress and fathered some of her children.  However, even at his death he did free his slaves.

Slavery was the backbone of America’s agricultural society. On April 12, 1861, this nation began a Civil War that fought to keep slaveocracy intact. When the South lost the War, the Emancipation proclamation and the 13th Amendment gave enslaved people equality. Still, a century later, Reconstruction and Jim Crow segregation kept us as enslaved people without the name. But last Thursday, by a vote of 53 to 47, Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson was confirmed by the Senate to the United States Supreme Court. Millions of African Americans and people of faith never ceased praying, and the wind shifted. I am reminded of one of the favorite sayings of the African American church, “He may not come when you want Him, but He will be there right on time.” Hallelujah and Amen!

Pastor’s Pen_April 3, 2022

The Senate has set April 4 as the time to consider Judge Ketanji Brown Jackson’s nomination to the Supreme Court.

Throughout the hearings, she presented herself as brilliant, calm, and incredibly patient with the inane questioning from the GOP Senators. They tried to paint her as soft in her sentencing of child pornographers and a stalking horse for Critical Race Theory. They all were obnoxious, but Ted Cruz was particularly objectionable in citing children’s books used at Georgetown Day, which he thought had a racial bias, and affirmed that Judge Jackson was a secret proponent of Critical Race Theory. It was evident that the Republicans were not questioning her fitness for the Supreme Court but pandering to Trump supporters in hopes of winning their next elections. This silly sham seems not to have paid off as at least one Republican, Senator Susan Collins, is prepared to vote for Judge Jackson’s elevation to the Court.

The only thing that will end this silliness is if the Trump supporters lose big in the primaries. In the meantime, African Americans and all people of goodwill have something to cheer about. The conclusion of Women’s History Month presented the nation that one brilliant Black sister bested the Lilliputians of lies–the GOP.

Pastor’s Pen_March 27, 2022

The continuing cat and mouse game between Russia and Ukraine presents a possible scenario the world has not witnessed since the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945. Hitler’s game was that his aggression was only against those countries he believed were wrongly taken from Germany after World War One. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain discovered that Hitler’s goals were not to restore Germany’s ancestral borders but to gain total control of Europe and then the world. Western powers like Great Britain, France, and the United States may have made German penalties for their aggression in the first world war too harsh, but the fact of the matter is that Hitler operated from a core of pure evil. No amount of death and destruction would deter him, and his thirst for power and domination was insatiable. The corruption, at his heart, would never end without his total destruction.

As we look at what is going on between Russia and Ukraine, the facts are eerily similar. Prime Minister Putin, a career KGB spy, never forgave the west for chipping away at the former Soviet Union. Mr. Putin may not prove to be someone of the magnitude of Adolf Hitler’s evil, but we must never overlook the human potential for destruction. These are indeed challenging times. The Russia-Ukraine conflict mirrors the hatred among political, racial, and cultural groups. These divisions seem to be worsening, not improving. That great theologian M. C. Hammer once sang, “We’ve got to pray just to make it today.” Professor Hammer was right. Christian people must not take wicked behavior lightly. With all that is going on in the world, we must take the words of Jesus literally and seriously. Hebrews 11:1 (KJV) state, “Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.” As the world teeters ever closer to problem-solving with tanks, missiles, and aerial bombardment, we must remind ourselves what Jesus taught; that war is made through faith because faith, no bigger than a grain of mustard seed, has the power to transform the world.

Pastor’s Pen_March 13, 2022

The following is Part II of an article contributed by Atty. Ayanna D. Hawkins. In observance of Women’s History Month, again, I thank Atty. Hawkins for highlighting some of the qualifications and contributions of Black women in the legal profession in America.



The contention that affirmative action casts doubt on the accomplishments of potential recipients mischaracterizes how white women have benefitted more than members of every other historically marginalized racial or ethnic group. This has been illustrated twice with respect to past Supreme Court vacancies. In 1981, President Ronald Reagan tapped Sandra Day O’Connor to serve on the Court in fulfillment of a campaign pledge. In 2020, President Donald Trump explicitly nominated Justice Amy Coney Barrett in fulfillment of a similar pledge to appoint a qualified woman.

None of these three Senators withheld their support or raised any objections to Justice Barrett because of her race or gender. Furthermore, when then-candidate Trump released a list of potential nominees for the Supreme Court in May of 2016 (for the vacancy President Obama was prevented from filling upon the death of Associate Justice Antonin Scalia), all of those named were white. President Trump nominated only two Black women to the federal bench of the 234 vacancies he filled; yet none of these Senators decried the lack of diversity in those selections.

Senators Cruz and Kennedy who both serve on the Senate Judiciary Committee, have typically voted against the nominees put forth by President Biden. Partisan and ideological differences are usually offered as the reason for opposing an otherwise qualified nominee. Senator Cruz, who went so far as to accuse President Biden of racism in his ideological opposition to the nomination of Judge Janice Rogers Brown in 2003, voted against all eleven of the Black women already confirmed. Additionally, at no point during the previous Administration did Cruz advocate for Judge Brown’s name to be considered for the Supreme Court.

It is not affirmative action that minimizes and marginalizes the accomplishments of Black women in the legal profession. It is racism and sexism. It is the inference that our career opportunities are somehow undeserved. It is ignoring the fact that each candidate under consideration for this vacancy will have similar qualifications and experience as the other current Justices on the Court. It is failing to acknowledge that until Thurgood Marshall’s nomination in 1967, most of the white male Justices were chosen for their political connections. Several justices served in all three branches of government, with the Court serving as the final career capstone: i.e., Chief Justice William Howard Taft (1857-1930), after serving as the 27th President of the United States; and Chief Justice Earl Warren (1891-1974), after serving as the 30th Governor of California and failing to secure his party’s nomination for President in 1948 and 1952.

When Pauli Murray wrote to President Richard Nixon and asked to be considered for the vacancy created by the retirement and death of Justice Hugo Black (1886-1971), it was probably ignored as incredulous. Until President Bill Clinton doubled the number of Black women chosen to serve on the federal bench, only three were appointed between 1981 and 1992. The issue has not been that Black women fail to qualify, but that those in power fail or refuse to consider Black women for available vacancies. A Black woman in that seat won’t undo historical atrocities or systemic racism, but she’ll have a vote. One vote can save our democracy. Her voice will speak to future generations and form the basis of how the law will be interpreted. Who knows what long-term impact she will have on the Court?

Pastor’s Pen_March 6, 2022

The following is Part I of an article contributed by Atty. Ayanna D. Hawkins. In observance of Women’s History Month, I thank Atty. Hawkins for highlighting some of the qualifications and contributions of Black women in the legal profession in America.



On January 26, Associate Justice Stephen Breyer announced his intention to retire from the U.S. Supreme Court at the end of the 2022 term. Perhaps in anticipation of this historic opportunity, President Joseph Biden, who made elevating a Black woman to the Supreme Court one of his campaign promises, has spent his first year in office, identifying potential nominees. As of this month, President Biden has nominated twenty Black women to the federal bench, eleven of whom have been Senate-confirmed, positioning any one of those candidates for his short list for the Supreme Court.

No sooner than the vacancy was announced and President Biden’s intentions were reiterated, several Senators from the opposing party pounced. Senator Ted Cruz (R-TX) called the announcement “racist” and “offensive to the 94% of the population that are not Black women”. He stated that as an obvious beneficiary of affirmative action, the potential nominee would have her accomplishments overshadowed by concerns that her opportunity came solely due to race. Senator Roger Wicker (R-MS), agreed with that assessment and declared that he would not support the nominee, prior to any hearings or official selection. Perhaps the most egregious statement was made by Senator Joseph Kennedy (R-LA) who offered the insulting stipulation that the nominee must be able to discern the difference between a law book and a clothing catalog.

Speaking from 25 years of experience as a Black woman in the legal profession, these reactions are disappointing, but not unexpected. I once had a client fire me the day before a trial in favor of a male attorney whom he presumed would have a better chance at winning (he did not). I once moderated a discussion on affirmative action wherein a young man insisted that white men were always the most qualified for competitive positions throughout society. Another time during a radio interview in which I defended the admissions criteria to competitive state universities, a caller questioned why having an all-Black football team was not considered diverse enough.

As frustrating as those anecdotes from my personal experience are, I can only imagine what it must have been like for the Black women that preceded me in the profession. Charlotte E. Ray (1850-1911) was the first Black woman to receive a law degree in this country in 1872 from Howard University. She finished school, passed the bar exam, but could not build a clientele to sustain her legal practice. It is unclear that abolitionist, journalist, and educator Mary Ann Shadd Cary (1823-1893), the second Black woman to receive her law degree from Howard University in 1883 fared any better. Both of these women were alive when Chief Justice Robert B. Taney (1777-1864) issued the Dred Scott decision in 1857 that declared Black people had no rights that whites were bound to respect.

Pauli Murray (1910-1985) graduated at the top of her law school class at Howard University in 1944, but was denied the prestigious Julius Rosenwald Fellowship for graduate work at Harvard Law School because it was only available to male graduates. She coined the term “Jane Crow” to describe the dual obstacles of racism and sexism she encountered. Ironically, it was her scholarship that formed the basis of the arguments used by two future Supreme Court Justices, Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993) and Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1933-2020), in dismantling race and gender-based distinctions in the law.

The first Black women appointed to the federal bench by President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1966 was Constance Baker Motley (1921-2005). She had worked as a law clerk to future Associate Justice Marshall and had been a member of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund team of lawyers that litigated school desegregation and other forms of public discrimination. She would serve as the only Black woman on the federal bench until President Jimmy Carter increased the number to eight. Even if Senators Cruz, Kennedy, and Wicker were unaware of these historic figures, they were cognizant how their statements would resonate in a country that has become more deeply divided over the issue of race in the last ten years. The contention that affirmative action casts doubt on the accomplishments of potential recipients mischaracterizes how white women have benefitted more than members of every other historically marginalized racial or ethnic group.

Pastor’s Pen_February 27, 2022

Today is Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) Sunday at Shiloh. We congratulate the HBCU Council for the outstanding work they have done over the years to bring awareness of the vital role that HBCUs played in the freedom struggle of our people. Many leaders in politics, medicine, law, and education, to name a few, are HBCU graduates. Let us again join with the HBCU Council in celebrating the outstanding contributions of Historically Black Colleges and Universities.

This week, Vladimir Putin did the unthinkable and invaded a sovereign nation, Ukraine. Over the years, our nation’s tepid response to Russian aggression emboldened Putin that our nation and the Western powers were paper tigers. The four years of the Trump Administration led him to believe that our nation supported him and all his nefarious schemes. We will need to wait to see the outcome of this invasion. Former President Trump’s attempts to dismantle NATO and the Western allies now can be seen for the disaster that those initiatives produced. Mr. Putin wants to restore the glory days of the old Soviet Union. He also recently made a thinly veiled threat that his nation has a nuclear arsenal that he will utilize if the U.S. attacks. We, of course, know that any military engagement by our nation would lead to World War III. What Mr. Pruden hopes to achieve is not well-defined. But it is abundantly clear:  he will not cease until he returns Russia to its former glory.

 Jesus said, “You don’t build atower without first counting the cost.” Increasingly, it looks like Mr. Putin has not adequately assessed the charge for his war. Arming Ukrainians and giving them economic support is the right thing to do. However, we must also draw on our Judeo-Christian roots. Isaiah declared, “We must beat our swords into plowshares and our spheres into pruning hooks.”  People of faith must make war with love and with spiritual power. Perhaps Russian aggression will return us to the realization that the defense we must build is prayer and right living, not B-1 bombers or the Trident missile.